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- Albion is the oldest known name for the island of Great Britain, still seen in the Scots Gaelic "Alba", and with a root in Proto-Indo-European meaning either "white" or "hill". It is the source of the phrase Perfidious Albion.
- The term originally referred to Britain as a whole but was later restricted to Caledonia, ultimately giving Scotland if modern Scottish the Gaelic name, Alba.
- It has another possible etymology, Celtic linguist Xavier Delamarre arguing it originally meant "the world above, the visible world+ rather than "the world below".